En el idioma inglés, la colocación se refiere a una combinación natural de palabras que están estrechamente relacionadas entre sí. Algunos ejemplos son «prestar atención», «comida rápida», «hacer un esfuerzo» y «motor potente».
Llamamos collocations a un grupo de palabras que se suelen utilizar juntas de forma natural. Estas combinaciones se han ido asentando por su uso continuo en los hablantes nativos de una lengua de manera que a ellos les suena natural.
Make a plan
Do a plan
- It was very cold and very dark. – It was bitterly cold and pitch dark.
- Smoking is strongly forbidden. – Smoking is strictly forbidden.
- Breakfast should be a big meal. – Breakfast should be a substantial meal.
Tipos de Collocations
Noun + Noun
- We have waited for you for a couple of hours.
- Having a good sense of humor is very important to enjoy the film.
- I’d like to buy a can of soda, please.
Noun + Verb
- The machine isn’t working again.
- The story begins with a terrible crime.
- The company has grown and now employs 150 more people than last year.
Verb + Noun
- Please, whatever happens, try to keep calm.
- Why don’t we take a walk around the park?
- You must pay attention to the teacher.
Verb + Adjective
- Oh, you look so beautiful tonight!
- She came to make me happy.
- I don’t like this cake, it tastes so bitter.
Verb + Adverb
- My mother placed her keys gently on the window ledge.
- Emily smiled proudly as she saw her daughter holding up the trophy.
- The crowd looked impatiently at the man on the tightrope.
Verb + Expression with Preposition
- We had to stop for gas because we had run out of it.
- The little girl burst into tears when she fell off her bike.
- The situation is getting out of control.
Adjective + Noun
- Sarah always wears bright color dresses.
- Best regards and thank you very much.
- Regular exercise provides you many health benefits.
Adverb + Adjective
- Frank and Jane are happily married.
- I felt extremely nervous during the driving test.
- I think he’s absolutely right.